14-06-2010, 01:27 AM
| | Forex learning
The forex market (sometimes referred to as the FX market or by its full title of the foreign exchange market) was established as we know it today in 1971 following the demise of fixed currency exchanges.
Forex currency trading is conducted around the clock, 5 days a week, and daily currency trades are worth in the region of $1.9 trillion us dollars. This means that the forex the largest market in the world and puts the major stock markets very firmly into second place.
A world-wide market established to facilitate the buying and selling of currency, the forex market involves large organizations, such as central governments, commercial companies and international commercial banks as well as smaller players such as brokerage houses and individual brokers.
There is no set location for the market (although there are major trading centers around the world in a number of cities such as London, Frankfurt, New York and Tokyo) but it is essentially an 'over-the-counter' market with the vast majority of trading being conducted by telephone and online.
The exchange of currencies is a central element in supporting global trade and, as the major currencies such as the US Dollar (USD), the British Pound (GBP), the Euro (EUR), the Australian Dollar (AUD), the Canadian Dollar (CAD), the Swiss Frank (CHF), the Japanese Yen (JPY) and others move against each other and the foreign currency exchange rate for any given pair of currencies changes, there is the opportunity to make money from currency exchanges.
The major players in the market take advantage of this by buying and selling in deals which often run into many millions of dollars, but the smaller players are also extremely active and often trade in deals of as low as one hundred thousand dollars. And, by trading on the back on the smaller players, individuals can get into the market with a lot less than that!
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